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Table 2 Description of global criteria (G) and local criteria (L)

From: Multi-criteria decision model for the selection and location of temporary shelters in disaster management

Description Weight (w)
wglobal wlocal
1 Safety (G) 20.20%  
1.1 People (L)   10.60%
The shelter should safeguard and protect against weather perils and further disaster risks. Yes No 2.65%
The shelter should ensure the safety of different age groups, especially children and the elderly. Yes No 2.65%
The spatial division of shelters must ensure the safety of women, children, and teenagers. Yes No 2.65%
The users must have access to sufficient inner space in the shelter in order to protect themselves from adverse weather, with suitable temperature conditions, safety, and privacy. Yes No 2.65%
1.2 Building (L)   4.00%
During the construction of the building (used as temporary shelter), risks and vulnerabilities that could prevent its use should have been detected and mitigated. Yes No 0.80%
The building (used as a temporary shelter) must be constructed following well-established building practices and up-to-date technical standards. Yes No 0.80%
The planning of periodic inspections must ensure that the solutions applied to the temporary shelter continue to be effective over time. Yes No 0.80%
The temporary shelter should be located at a reasonable distance from the danger zone in order to minimize the risks. Yes No 0.80%
The building must be equipped with a working firefighting system. Yes No 0.80%
1.3 Supplies (L)   3.30%
The temporary shelter must have a secure storage area for supplies. Yes No 3.30%
1.4 Pets (L) 2.40%
The temporary shelter should have an area for pets’ caretaking. Yes No 2.40%
2 Urban infrastructure (G) 13.80%  
2. Swage system (L)   3.00%
The building must be in a place where there is a sewage collection system or equivalent. Yes No 3.00%
2.2 Waste collection (L)   2.70%
The temporary shelter should be in a place within reach of waste management companies. Yes No 2.70%
2.3 Energy (L)   3.70%
The temporary shelter must be in a place with access to electricity. Yes No 1.85%
The shelter must be equipped with a generator for backup power supply. Yes No 1.85%
2.4 Water (L)   4.40%
The temporary shelter must be in a place where there is regular water supply or easy access for water trucks and tankers. Yes No 1.47%
The volume of water available per day should meet the estimated 2.5 liters of drinking per person. Yes No 1.47%
The volume of water available in the shelter per day should meet the estimated 60 liters per bath per person. Value 1.47%
3 Physical adequacy (G) 12.20%  
3.1 Envisaged activities (L)   4.50%
In the temporary shelter, the internal spaces should provide enough space to store food, water, personal belongings, and other essential items. Yes No 0.90%
Every family should have a safe and private interior space, like dormitories. Yes No 0.90%
In the temporary shelter, interior spaces should offer enough space for the activities of sleeping, bathing, and dressing. Yes No 0.90%
In the temporary shelter, interior spaces should offer enough space for caring for infants and children. Yes No 0.90%
In the temporary shelter, interior spaces should offer enough space for the coexistence of members of the same family. Yes No 0.90%
3.2 Specific uses (L)   3.60%
The building should allow the establishment of a kitchen. Yes No 0.60%
The building should provide the establishment of a canteen. Yes No 0.60%
The building should allow the establishment of living areas. Yes No 0.60%
The building should allow the establishment of dormitories. Yes No 0.60%
The building should have both men’s and women’s toilets. Yes No 0.60%
The building should enable the creation of spaces for medical and psychological care. Yes No 0.60%
3.3 Storage (L)   1.80%
The building should allow the establishment of space to stock possible movable items of the affected population salvaged from their households. Yes No 0.60%
The building should allow the establishment of space for the shelter of pets belonging to the sheltered families. Yes No 0.60%
The building should allow the establishment of a place reserved for waste collection by the responsible company. Yes No 0.60%
3.4 Minimum standards areas (L)   2.20%
For each person, the total covered area must be at least 4.00 m2. Value 0.37%
The kitchen must have a minimum area of 15.00 m2 for each industrial six-burner stove, which serves up to 250 people. Value 0.37%
The bathrooms must have at least one lavatory for every 10 people. Value 0.37%
The bathrooms must have at least one toilet for every 20 people. Value 0.37%
The bathrooms must have at least one shower for every 25 people. Value 0.37%
The laundry/service area should have one laundry sink for every 40 people. Value 0.37%
4 Cultural adequacy (G) 8.10%  
Physical structure (L) 8.10%  
The construction of the building (to be used as a temporary shelter) should be assigned to professionals with expertise in local solutions. Yes No 8.10%
5 Privacy (G) 10.10%  
5.1 of Families (L)   6.60%
The building should ensure privacy and dignity to the people affected, even if it needs adaptations of the internal space. Yes No 2.20%
The temporary shelter must have spatial division designed to preserve family cohesion. Yes No 2.20%
The temporary shelter must have a number of subdivisions (dormitories) compatible with the number of sheltered families. Value 2.20%
5.2 of Genders (L)   3.50%
The temporary shelter must provide safe separation and privacy between genders. Yes No 3.50%
6 Environmental comfort (G) 8.90%  
6.1 Lighting, ventilation, and acoustics (L)   5.90%
The specific weather conditions for each season should be evaluated so that the shelter can provide thermal comfort, ventilation, and protection to the affected population. Yes No 1.97%
The shelter should optimize natural ventilation and minimize direct sun exposure. Yes No 1.97%
Trees or other types of vegetation should be preserved whenever possible in order to increase water retention, minimize soil erosion and to provide shade. Yes No 1.97%
6.2 Adaptation (L)   3.00%
The place used for shelter should be adaptable to weather and temperature variations. Yes No 3.00%
7 Universal accessibility (G) 7.40%  
7.1 Accesses and emergency exits (L)   3.50%
The building should be of easy access and evacuation, without steps or uneven surfaces in the emergency exits. Yes No 3.50%
7.2 Facilities (L)   2.40%
The location of the temporary shelter must comply with the standards and procedures for building approval, especially accessibility requirements for people with reduced mobility, vision or communication skills. Yes No 0.80%
The building must have bathrooms adapted for people with physical disabilities. Yes No 0.80%
The building must have dormitories adapted for people with physical disabilities. Yes No 0.80%
7.3 Priority areas (L)   1.50%
For families with seniors and people with physical disabilities, the building should allow the creation of reserved spaces in places easily accessible to bathrooms, to the food sector, among others. Yes No 1.50%
8 Economic aspects (G) 6.30%  
8.1 Physical structure (L)   3.20%
The facility (to be used as a temporary shelter) should be developed in consultation with the competent authorities and grounded in a consensual strategy for services and maintenance at an affordable cost. Yes No 1.07%
The facility (to be used as a temporary shelter) should allow other uses, for example, community centers, avoiding underutilization of the structure. Yes No 1.07%
The selection of the temporary shelter should aim to minimize expenses on improvements and adaptations. Yes No 1.07%
8.2 Access to the provisions (L)   3.10%
The location of the building should allow easy access to workplaces and other means of subsistence for the affected population. Yes No 3.10%
9 Location (G) 13.00%
9.1 Accessibility (L)   6.80%
The location of the building should provide safe access to schools, markets, leisure spaces, worship places, health clinics and hospitals, and other services necessary for the day-to-day lives of the affected population. Yes No 6.80%
9.2 Optimal distribution (L)   6.20%
Maximum distance to be covered by the population at risk to the building (inform the position on the map). Map 2.07%
The selection of the facility should consider the maximum time of arrival of humanitarian aid supplies to the building. Yes No 2.07%
The access routes for the population at risk should be pre-determined. Yes No 2.07%