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Table 5 Accessibility and quality of water for informal settlement residents: price, source, and quality of water

From: Revisiting the Sphere standards: comparing the revised Sphere standards to living standards in three urban informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya

  Korogocho Mukuru Viwandani
Pay for water (%) 89 99 96
Average time to walk to water source (min) 2.6 (2.11) 2.43 (2.04) 2.4 (2.10)
Liters of water/person/day 17.6 (8.46) 21.6 (17.5) 20.3 (19.5)
Meeting 15 L/day threshold (%) 58.86 67.92 55.09
Main water source (%)
 Piped or tap water 95 95 81
 Water tanks 3 5 19
 Water vendors 2 0 0
 Lake, river, or well 0 0 0
Quality of water (%)
 Clean water 86 69 74
 Very clean water 10 1 14
 Dirty water 4 29 11
 Very dirty water 0 1 1
  1. Source: IDSUE February 2014. Standard deviations in parenthesis