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Table 4 Out-of-pocket payments for consultation fees, medications, and health care visit in Lebanon among host Lebanese (all costs presented in USD)

From: Health service utilization and access to medicines among Syrian refugee and host community children in Lebanon

  Survey total By region By facility type
Beirut/Mt. Lebanon Bekaa North p value PHCC Private clinic Hospital p value
Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI
Among all care seekers n = 315 n = 86 n = 98 n = 131   n = 73 n = 150 n = 40  
 Total costs Median 41.1   47.1   44.8   33    26.5   49.8   99.5   
Mean 56.0 [49.5,62.6] 60.7 [45.6,75.8] 63.6 [50.7,76.4] 47.3 [40.6,54.1] 0.075 37.7 [27.9,47.4] 57.5 [51.7,63.3] 126.2 [97.4,155.0] <0.001
 Consultation costs Median 16.6   21.6   19.9   10    6.6   26.5   58   
Mean 25.5 [21.3,29.7] 28.7 [20.7,36.7] 31.2 [22.1,40.4] 19.1 [14.7,23.5] 0.022 10.0 [8.0,12.0] 27.0 [23.6,30.4] 80.0 [60.0,100.1] <0.001
 Medication costs Median 21.2   23.2   22.2   19.9    16.6   23.2   33.2   
Mean 30.5 [26.4,34.6] 32.0 [22.9,41.1] 32.3 [25.3,39.3] 28.2 [22.5,34.0] 0.449 27.7 [18.4,37.0] 30.5 [25.5,35.6] 46.2 [29.4,62.9] 0.078
Among care seekers with any payment n = 303 n = 82 n = 95 n = 126   n = 69 n = 147 n = 39  
 Total costs Median 43.1   49.8   46.4   37    26.5   49.8   99.5   
Mean 58.2 [51.5,64.9] 63.6 [48.7,78.6] 65.6 [52.2,78.9] 49.2 [42.1,56.3] 0.057 39.9 [29.7,50.0] 58.7 [52.9,64.4] 129.4 [100.7,158.2] <0.001
 Consultation costs Median 19.9   26.5   19.9   11.6    6.6   26.5   66.3   
Mean 26.5 [22.1,30.9] 30.1 [22.1,38.0] 32.2 [22.7,41.8] 19.9 [15.0,24.8] 0.019 10.6 [8.4,12.7] 27.5 [24.1,31.0] 82.1 [62.0,102.2] <0.001
 Medication costs Median 23.2   23.2   23.2   20.6    16.6   23.2   33.2   
Mean 31.7 [27.7,35.8] 33.6 [24.4,42.7] 33.3 [26.3,40.4] 29.4 [23.7,35.1] 0.404 29.3 [19.7,38.9] 31.2 [26.1,36.3] 47.4 [30.4,64.3] 0.097
Among households paying for consultation n = 239 n = 68 n = 75 n = 96   n = 62 n = 138 n = 37  
 Consultation costs Median 26.5   33.2   33.2   19.9    8.3   26.5   66.3   
Mean 33.6 [28.5,38.7] 36.3 [28.2,44.4] 40.8 [29.5,52.1] 26.1 [19.9,32.2] 0.032 11.7 [9.6,13.9] 29.3 [25.9,32.8] 86.5 [66.4,106.6] <0.001
Among households paying for medications n = 282 n = 80 n = 85 n = 117   n = 80 n = 85 n = 37  
 Medication costs Median 25.9   23.2   26.5   23.2    19.9   26.5   33.2   
Mean 34.1 [29.6,38.6] 34.4 [25.0,43.8] 37.2 [28.8,45.7] 31.6 [25.5,37.7] 0.559 31.6 [21.4,41.8] 34.4 [29.0,39.9] 49.9 [32.6,67.2] 0.093
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