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Table 4 Multivariable logistic regression results for predictors of depression and emotional distress

From: Mental health and access to care among refugee mothers relocated to San Diego: a comparative study of Iraqi and Somali refugee communities

Variable Major depression Emotional distress
OR P value OR P value
Country of origin
 Somali Ref.   Ref.  
 Iraqi 2.62 (1.504.57) 0.001 1.42 (0.78–2.57) 0.249
Age (years) 1.03 (1.00–1.07) 0.076 1.03 (0.99–1.07) 0.168
Access to mental health provider in the USA
 No
 Yes
 Did not need to see
 Don’t know
 Refused to answer
Ref.
0.42 (0.220.82)
0.57 (0.32–1.02)
0.011
0.058
Ref.
0.43 (0.220.85)
0.47 (0.260.87)
0.015
0.016
Prior psychiatric diagnosis
 No Ref.   Ref.  
 Yes 10.97 (3.80–31.71) < 0.001 6.46 (2.87–14.58) < 0.001
  1. Covariables were included in the multivariable analysis if significant on univariable analysis at alpha level P < 0.05, except for time awaiting resettlement and time in resettlement in the USA given the relatively high rate of missing data amongst these variables (nmissing = 297, 71.22% and nmissing = 124, 29.74%, respectively) that would introduce instability into the multivariable model
  2. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio