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Table 3 Comparison of mental health symptoms between Iraqi and Somali refugee mothers

From: Mental health and access to care among refugee mothers relocated to San Diego: a comparative study of Iraqi and Somali refugee communities

  Iraqi (N = 219) Somali (N = 198) Mean difference (95% CI) P value*
HSCL-25 total mean (SD) 1.71 (0.65) 1.37 (0.56) 0.34 (0.22, 0.46) < 0.001
HSCL-25 depression (Part II) mean (SD) 1.74 (0.62) 1.35 (0.56) 0.38 (0.27, 0.50) < 0.001
Proportion emotionally distressed, no (%)a 75 (34.56) 38 (19.19) < 0.001
Proportion with major depression, no (%)b 132 (60.83) 53 (26.77) < 0.001
  1. Higher scores indicate worse mental health symptoms
  2. Abbreviations: HSCL-25 Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25, CI confidence interval, SD standard deviation
  3. a‘Emotionally distressed’ was classified as total score > 1.75
  4. b‘Major depression’ was classified as an average score of > 1.45 on the depression section (HSCL-25 Part II)
  5. *Two-tailed P value calculated by independent samples t test for continuous variables (HSCL-25 scores) and chi-squared tests for proportions of distressed respondents