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Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants

From: Mental health and access to care among refugee mothers relocated to San Diego: a comparative study of Iraqi and Somali refugee communities

  Iraqi (N = 219) Somali (N = 198) P value
Demographics
 Age, years (mean [SD]) 39.32 (8.45) 37.94 (5.84) 0.069
Marital status, N (%)
 Married
 Divorced
 Separated
 Widowed
206 (94.06)
2 (0.91)
10 (4.57)
1 (0.46)
185 (94.39)
8 (4.04)
3 (1.52)
0 (0.00)
0.888
Language spoken most often
 Somali
 Arabic
 Chaldean
 English
 Other
0 (0.00)
74 (33.79)
139 (63.47)
0 (0.00)
5 (2.28)
186 (93.94)
0 (0.00)
0 (0.00)
3 (1.52)
7 (3.54)
Religion
 Muslim
 Catholic
 Other
32 (14.61)
178 (81.28)
9 (4.11)
197 (99.49)
0 (0.00)
1 (0.51)
Educational level
 No schooling/Elementary school
 Middle school or above
37 (16.89)
182 (83.11)
83 (41.92)
115 (58.08)
< 0.001
Resettlement characteristics
 Time prior to Resettlement, years (mean [SD]) 2.37 (2.75) 6.84 (5.94) < 0.001
Number of relocations
 0 (directly to US)
 1 (directly from refugee camp)
 2+
17 (7.80)
181 (83.03)
20 (9.17)
6 (3.03)
182 (91.92)
11 (5.56)
0.030
Years in the USA 3.21 (1.50) 13.72 (5.62) < 0.001
Perception of social and financial status
 Change in social status from country of origin to USA (mean [SD])a 0.33 (3.81) 3.53 (1.76) < 0.001b
 Financial status change
 Better
 About the same
 Worse
43 (19.63)
41 (18.72)
135 (61.64)
72 (36.36)
61 (30.81)
65 (32.83)
< 0.001
Ability to meet financial needs
 Very well
 Fairly well
 Poorly
2 (0.91)
110 (50.23)
107 (48.86)
12 (6.06)
96 (48.48)
90 (45.45)
0.014
  1. aMean number of steps up the “social ladder”
  2. bDifference in pooled paired samples between the groups is − 1.85 (95% CI − 2.18 to − 1.52)