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Table 2 Networks analysis as a tool for humanitarian protection: an analytical framework

From: Network analysis as a tool for humanitarian protection: research and practice

LevelDefinitionIndicators and strategiesApplication to humanitarian protection
Individual level
 Tracing the networkDefine the personal relations and social spaces of individuals in humanitarian protection.Name generator
Network size
Cliques and subgroups
Visualization
• Networks enable better coping mechanisms.
• They might be the only tangible resource for some time.
• Valuable for self-protection.
 Core networksIdentifying the patterns and influence of the relational structure.
Densely knit homophilic networks.
Components and cliques
Degree centrality
Network composition
• Ensure that the core networks are well developed.
• Conduits to key informal support networks.
• Lead to the development of resilience.
 Weak tiesIdentify ties which are weaker, but which could be instrumental in the network.Typologies of personal networks
Centrality betweenness
Data mining
Visualisations
• Enable people to increase social bonding.
• The network is diversified through the inclusion of heterogeneous ties.
• Identify the risk in one’s composition and structure of network.
 Dynamic networksNetworks which change as a result of a crisis.Study of atypical structures
Visualization and feedback
Longitudinal studies
Retrospective interviews
• Better understanding of the dynamic changes.
• Design effective strategies on how to locate support during the changes.
Community level
 CohesionThe level of connectedness within a community.Density• Effective collaboration, cooperation and operation efficiency.
• Facilitates decision making processes.
 Network mapsMaps of a city on which networks are drawn.Visualization
Geographical localization
• Can be used as guides for safety movement.
 ComponentsSpecific parts of a network.Components and cliques• Accurate representation of structural relations.
 CoalitionsDifferent entities coming together for collaboration.Network typologies• Community resilience.
• Facilitate flow of information.
• Better resolution to complex problems.