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Table 2 C3DC model for disaster education

From: How to talk with dying patients and their families after disasters and humanitarian crises: a review of available tools and guides for disaster responders

Phase of disaster Education and training Implications for palliative care
Prevention and mitigation Risk reduction, disease prevention, health promotion, policy development and planning, mitigation Understand the incidence and prevalence of life limiting diseases in the community
Preparedness Ethical practice, legal practice and accountability, communication and information sharing, education and preparedness Understand the existing laws and protections for vulnerable populations; educate populations about healthcare proxy designation
Response Care of the community, care of individuals and families, psychological care, care of vulnerable populations Training responders in communication skills and triage
Recovery Long-term individual, family, and community recovery, building resilience Bereavement counseling
  1. (Source: adapted from Danna et al. 2015)