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Table 4 Sub-theme by demographic sub-groups, as a percentage of the number of respondents within the sub-group and chi-square values

From: Thematic analysis of aid workers’ stressors and coping strategies: work, psychological, lifestyle and social dimensions

  Female Male χ2 Development Humanitarian χ2 National International χ2
N 204 67 271 98 135 233 71 198 269
Stressors
Work
  Working with others 45% 52% 1.81 55% 43% 3.35 27% 54% 15.06***
  Organisational 43% 51% 1.34 36% 53% 6.52* 34% 49% 4.56*
  Work conditions 21% 18% 0.31 22% 21% 0.10 6% 26% 13.01***
Psychological
  Suffering of others and inability to help 23% 24% 0.9 28% 30% 0.22 25% 30% 0.51
  Unfair systems 8% 12% 0.78 14% 7% 2.91 7% 10% 0.42
Lifestyle
  Living conditions 11% 2% 5.607* 8% 10% 0.32 1% 11% 6.29*
  Physical health and safety 16% 10% 1.32 14% 14% 0.00 3% 19% 11.07***
Social connection
  Personal relationships 9% 13% 0.92 7% 13% 2.27 3% 13% 5.96*
Effective coping
Effective work-based strategies
  Personal organisation 15% 30% 7.09* 17% 21% 0.42 25% 16% 2.92
  Working with others 2% 15% 17.30*** 7% 4% 0.79 10% 4% 4.24
  Work conditions 5% 0% 3.77 4% 4% 0.02 1% 5% 1.77
Effective psychological strategies
  Practices for mental self-care 26% 21% 0.7 19% 27% 2.00 20% 27% 1.39
  Cognitive appraisal strategies 13% 12% 0.03 14% 12% 0.30 10% 13% 0.52
Effective lifestyle strategies
  Helpful activities and self-care 58% 49% 1.51 54% 61% 1.03 25% 67% 36.16***
Effective social connection strategies
  Support from others 47% 39% 1.39 47% 46% 0.02 20% 55% 25.58***
Ineffective Strategies
Ineffective work strategies
  Ineffective work-based strategies 29% 19% 2.57 28% 28% 0.01 7% 34% 19.14***
Ineffective psychological strategies
  Ineffective psychological strategies 21% 28% 1.52 26% 24% 0.10 13% 27% 5.85*
Ineffective lifestyle strategies
  Unhelpful activities and lack of self- care 41% 28% 5.21* 33% 47% 5.10* 14% 50% 27.97***
Ineffective social connection strategies
  Ineffective social support strategies 25% 18% 1.25 28% 23% 0.64 7% 29% 13.93***
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001I