Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparison of Afghan refugees’ and returnees’ housing and standards of living

From: Repatriation of Afghan refugees from Iran: a shelter profile study

Minimum standards of housing Access level of refugee households in Irana Access level of returnees in Afghanistanb
Access to a private durable covered living space Over 98% Around 35%
Access to minimum per head covered area Over 96% Around 50%
Access to a private covered cooking area Over 83% No data
Access to a private latrine Over 82% 29.90%
Access to electricity Over 99% 61.51%
Access to piped water Over 98% 72.60%
  1. aAll access levels are calculated based on the dataset collected in 2011 among Afghan refugees in Iran except access level to electricity, which is based on the World Bank’s country level data in 2011
  2. bAccess to a private durable covered living space and minimum per head covered area are based on the IOM baseline mobility assessment report (2017) in Nangarhar, Kunar, and Laghman provinces in Afghanistan; access to private latrine in 2011 is based on the WHO and UNICEF (2017) report; access to electricity in 2011 is based on the World Bank’s country level data (2017); and access to piped water in 2011 is based on the Global Economy (2018) website