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Table 1 Proposed social capital analytical framework (from theory to measurement)

From: Social capital in vulnerable urban settings: an analytical framework

Form of social capital Dimension Key issues Measurement mechanism
Bonding capital (micro and cognitive level) Personal relationships Quality of relationships Norms of trust (particularised trust among familiars, generalised trust of strangers, strategic trust, civic/institutional trust)
Norms of reciprocity
Household social (baseline) surveys based responses
Ego-centric network analysis
Structure and nature of relationships Social networks (types, size, spatial, structural, relational)
Bridging capital (meso and structural level) Groups, organisations and local institutions Quality of local groups and institutions Group membership, participation
Rules and regulations
Collective actions
Civic and political engagement
Local institutions, organisations and community profile (SCAT)
Socio-metric network analysis
Qualitative (phenomenological and ethnographic) studies
Structure and nature of local groups and institutions Homogeneous, heterogeneous
Capacity and size
Linking capital (macro and structural level) Societal institutions and organisations
Societal processes
Existence of institutions
Quality of and access to services
Education, political, justice systems
Civic and political engagement
Aggregated survey based responses.
Qualitative (phenomenological and ethnographic) studies
Governance, laws, policies, approaches and strategies
Individual and collective access to services and resources