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Table 1 Proposed social capital analytical framework (from theory to measurement)

From: Social capital in vulnerable urban settings: an analytical framework

Form of social capital Dimension Key issues Measurement mechanism
Bonding capital (micro and cognitive level) Personal relationships Quality of relationships Norms of trust (particularised trust among familiars, generalised trust of strangers, strategic trust, civic/institutional trust) Norms of reciprocity Household social (baseline) surveys based responses Ego-centric network analysis
Structure and nature of relationships Social networks (types, size, spatial, structural, relational)
Bridging capital (meso and structural level) Groups, organisations and local institutions Quality of local groups and institutions Group membership, participation Rules and regulations Collective actions Civic and political engagement Local institutions, organisations and community profile (SCAT) Socio-metric network analysis Qualitative (phenomenological and ethnographic) studies
Structure and nature of local groups and institutions Homogeneous, heterogeneous Capacity and size
Linking capital (macro and structural level) Societal institutions and organisations Societal processes Existence of institutions Quality of and access to services Education, political, justice systems Civic and political engagement Aggregated survey based responses. Qualitative (phenomenological and ethnographic) studies
Governance, laws, policies, approaches and strategies
Individual and collective access to services and resources