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Table 3 Out-of-pocket payments for consultation fees, medications, and health care visit in Lebanon among Syrian refugees (all costs presented in USD)

From: Health service utilization and access to medicines among Syrian refugee and host community children in Lebanon

  Survey total By region By facility type
Beirut/Mt. Lebanon Bekaa North p value PHCC Private clinic Hospital p value
Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI
Among all care seekers n = 833 n = 234 n = 267 n = 332   n = 439 n = 148 n = 47  
 Total costs Median 19.9   22.6   21.9   18    18.6   43.1   66.3   
Mean 30.4 [27.5,33.3] 30.4 [25.4,35.3] 34.9 [29.1,40.6] 26.9 [22.9,30.8] 0.199 25.5 [22.6,28.5] 48.1 [42.6,53.5] 77.2 [57.7,96.7] <0.001
 Consultation costs Median 3.3   3.6   3.3   3    3.3   19.9   43.1   
Mean 12 [10.0,14.0] 12.9 [9.0,16.7] 14.7 [10.8,18.7] 9.2 [6.6,11.7] 0.079 8.3 [6.5,10.1] 24.3 [20.8,27.8] 56.8 [40.6,73.0] <0.001
 Medication costs Median 13.3   13.3   15.3   13.3    13.3   19.9   17.9   
Mean 18.4 [17.0,19.9] 17.5 [15.0,20.0] 20.1 [17.4,22.8] 17.7 [15.4,20.0] 0.967 17.2 [15.3,19.1] 23.8 [20.1,27.5] 20.4 [13.6,27.2] 0.016
Among care seekers with any payment n = 770 n = 221 n = 236 n = 313   n = 402 n = 147 n = 42  
 Total costs Median 23.2   23.2   25.2   20    19.9   43.1   76.3   
Mean 32.9 [29.8,36.0] 32.2 [27.0,37.3] 39.4 [33.1,45.8] 28.5 [24.5,32.5] 0.176 27.9 [24.6,31.1] 48.4 [42.9,53.9] 86.4 [66.0,106.9] <0.001
 Consultation costs Median 3.3   5.3   4.6   3.3    3.3   19.9   61.4   
Mean 13 [10.8,15.2] 13.6 [9.6,17.6] 16.7 [12.3,21.1] 9.7 [7.0,12.4] 0.074 9.1 [7.1,11.0] 24.5 [20.9,28.0] 63.6 [47.0,80.2] <0.001
 Medication costs Median 15.9   15.9   16.6   13.3    13.3   19.9   19.9   
Mean 19.9 [18.4,21.5] 18.5 [16.0,21.1] 22.8 [19.8,25.7] 18.8 [16.5,21.1] 0.918 18.8 [16.7,20.9] 23.9 [20.2,27.6] 22.8 [15.0,30.7] 0.031
Among households paying for consultation n = 550 n = 151 n = 182 n = 217   n = 370 n = 140 n = 38  
 Consultation costs Median 6.6   10   7.3   6.6    4.6   19.9   66.3   
Mean 18.1 [15.3,21.0] 19.9 [14.8,25.1] 21.6 [16.3,27.0] 14 [10.1,17.9] 0.049 9.9 [7.8,11.9] 25.7 [22.0,29.4] 70.3 [53.5,87.1] <0.001
Among households paying for medications n = 667 n = 194 n = 205 n = 268   n = 331 n = 125 n = 30  
 Medication costs Median 16.6   16.6   19.9   16.6    16.6   23.2   28.2   
Mean 23.0 [21.2,24.8] 21.1 [18.2,24.1] 26.2 [22.8,29.6] 22.0 [19.2,24.7] 0.861 22.8 [20.3,25.3] 28.2 [24.5,31.8] 32.0 [22.8,41.2] 0.006